The procedure involved is quite complex and only qualified doctors can practice it. It’s artistic since it resembles sculpting. For several centuries now, it has been practiced in different parts of the world.
In 800 BC, India was already practicing reconstructive surgery. Italy, Britain and other European countries were also key players in the industry.
The History of Plastic Surgery
In 2500 BC, there were several techniques across the world. Medical text proves that Old Kingdom was a major service provider, especially in the treatment of broken noses. Scholars such as Edwin Smith wrote literature that was translated into several languages like Arabic and Spanish.
Ideas were exchanged by doctors enhancing efficiency. Physicians traveled to the East to learn the various native methods which they later modified which is what is now popular in the West.
A few centuries later, Aulus Cornelius became the first surgeon to experiment with skin removed from another body part. The Roman Empire diverted plenty of resources to this type of surgery having sufficient knowledge because the anatomical descriptions were accurate. Animal and human surgery was present.
The only limitation during this period was the lack of anesthesia meaning that the procedures were painful. By also sterilizing the instruments, success was realized.
Lip and neck surgeries were made possible in 1793 by Francois Chopart. Others like Joseph Carpeu followed suit in 1814. The US has seen the emergence of internationally recognized surgeons and John Peter is the first to become accredited in 1827.
Fresh Basil Crew’s Take Modern Plastic Surgery
The 19th century brought about a modern wave in this niche that was largely due to the contributions of Harold Gillies, considered to be the father of the new trend.
In the First World War, many soldiers went back home with injuries and amputations prompting surgeons to develop different techniques. Numerous hospitals were upgraded which facilitated the treatment of more than 5,000 men; casualties of the war.
Performers such as actors went under the knife to achieve the desired image. In the 30s, the comedian Jimmy Edwards altered his facial appearance and hid the scars with a moustache. Jaw surgery was introduced at this time leading to a hastened pace of construction of the centers .
Another notable doctor in the development was Albans McIndoe who pointed the significance of reintegrating the patient back to society. Facial damage brought about by fire burns not only leave physical but also psychological scars that take time to heal. He introduced the combination of psychology with plastic surgery for a successful operation in all aspects.
Skin removed from other body parts provided the needed tissue for the job. The technique is now commonly referred to as skin grafting. There are several ways through which this is achieved:
- Autografs – Under this category, skin is normally removed from the patient’s body. The doctors get it from areas that are fleshy like buttocks and thighs. However, modern techniques have surfaced whereby epithelial cells are used for cases of patients with insufficient skin tissue.
- Allografs - Although this is costlier, it’s appropriate for those preferring skin to plastic cells. Allografs entails using skin from another person. The donor’s skin has to be compatible to the patient’s so a couple of tests are conducted in order to establish this. Race, blood type and overall health status are amongst the considerations.
- Xenografs - Modern surgery has without a doubt revolutionized the industry. Previously, techniques like Xenografs would be considered unconventional. It involves taking skin from different species. Use of goats’ eyes for people who lack these organs is common as well.
The Rise of Cosmetic Surgery
As Generation Y takes helm in the spotlight, the other generations are using plastic surgery to reduce aging.
The US has seen the largest number of such surgeries which created a boom for the business ever since the start of this millennium. Statistics reveals that in 2007, the industry witnessed unbelievable figures of more than 12 million surgeries that included liposuction, Botox, hair removal and butt implants.
Cosmetics procedures were initially associated to Caucasians but at present, even the other American communities seek these services. This includes a substantial percentage of the African, Asian and Hispanic population.
The business has become widespread now particularly in Europe and Asia. In countries like Germany, France, United Kingdom, India and China, surgeons offer affordable rates. This is what led to medical tourism. People from the West opt to travel to the East in the quest of a perfect look at subsidized prices.
Some of the most sought after procedures in this category include:
- Tummy Tuck - In the medical field, it’s normally referred to as abdonimoplasty. Women who’ve given birth and want to regain their figure benefit from the reshaping procedure. Several sessions are usually required for the perfect look. The healing process is gradual and can take few weeks for the patient to fully recuperate.
- Eyelid Surgery – Permanent eyeliners can be inserted through surgery. Also known as blepharoplasty, the procedure also includes eyelids reshaping. It’s quite popular with male and female entertainers. Native Asian techniques are the most widely practiced.
- Penile Liposuction - The adult industry has influenced the way in which society used to view manhood. The pressure of “bigger is better” has forced many men to undergo this type of surgery. Apart from size modification, other reconstruction functionalities are incorporated as well.
A Final Note From Fresh Basil Crew
Before settling on reconstructive surgery, get a second opinion to be sure it’s the best decision for your particular case.
Always conduct a background check on the doctor and institution offering the plastic surgery services. Look at accreditation first, then experience and when satisfied with the hospital’s standards, ask about success rates for your particular surgery.
Overall health should be maintained meaning that you’ll need to adopt a healthier lifestyle. This applies to a couple of weeks before and after surgery. Eat a well balanced diet that will rejuvenate the cells thus accelerating healing. Exercise should only be performed under the instructions of a physician.
Avoid using cosmetic surgery to solve emotional issues as this can easily lead to frustrations when the results are not as expected.